About Us India-Hungary Relations

India-Hungary Relations

India’s relations with Hungary have been close and friendly, multifaceted and substantive. They have survived the vicissitudes of political and economic changes, particularly in Hungary and reorientation of its foreign policy in the post-cold war period. Hungarians are extremely grateful for India’s role in the 1956 uprising in Hungary. India’s intervention with the Soviet Union saved the life of Dr. Arpad Goncz who subsequently served as President of Hungary from 1990 to 2000. India is seen as a country whose ancient culture and spiritual traditions and the academic and scientific excellence specially in the “knowledge sector” is deeply attractive to ordinary Hungarians. Bilateral economic relationship has also been strengthened with investments of the order of nearly US$ 3 billionfrom India to Hungary.

High level visits

Prime Minister Shri Rajiv Gandhi visited Hungary in 1988. The Hungarian President, Dr. Arpad Goncz visited India in 1991. It was the last presidential visit from Hungary. President of India, Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma visited Hungary in 1993. There have been visits of Prime Minister Peter Medgyessy in 2003 and Prime Minister Gyurcsany’s State visit in 2008 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations. From Hungary, the visit of PM Orban to India took place during the 65th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations in 2013. Vice-President of India, Shri M. Hamid Ansari, visited Hungary from 15 – 17 October, 2016. The visit took place as Hungary prepared for commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the 1956 Revolution of October 23, prompting recall of the role played by the then CDA, Shri M.A. Rahman, in saving the life of Arpad Goncz, who subsequently became President of Hungary.

Visit of PM Orban to India

Prime Minister Viktor Orban led a 100-member strong delegation including a 80-member business delegation on his visit to Delhi and Mumbai from October 16-18, 2013. He was accompanied by Minister of National Economy, Mihaly Varga, Minister of Human Resources, Zoltan Balog among other officials. He called on President, Vice President and held delegation level discussion with Prime Minister. MoUs on Traditional Systems of Medicine, Cooperation in the field of Sports, Cooperation in the areas of Defensive Aspects of Microbiological and Radiological Detection and Protection and Cultural Exchange Programme were signed. In addition, Letters of Intent on Revision of Air Services Agreement and Indo-Hungarian Strategic Research Fund were also signed. PM Orban delivered the keynote address at ICWA on “Hungary and Europe in a Changing World”. He addressed Business Forums in both cities and a meeting with Indian investors at the Mumbai Stock Exchange.

Visit of EAM to Hungary

External Affairs Minister Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar visited Hungary from 25-27 August 2019. During his visit, EAM held discussions with Hungary's Foreign Minister H.E. Mr. Peter Szijjarto on a wide range of bilateral and multilateral issues. The two Ministers signed a Cultural Exchange Programme between India and Hungary for the period 2019-22. The Hungarian side announced their decision to join the International Solar Alliance. Five main areas of film production, digitalization, water management,solar energy and pharmaceuticals were identified for strengthening cooperation. The two Ministers also agreed to also intensify bilateral interaction in the fields of education, tourism and science.The External Affairs Minister had meetings with Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Mr. Mihaly Varga and Chairman of Hungary-India Parliamentary Friendship Group Mr. Peter Cseresnyes. EAM addressed the annual conference of Hungary's Heads of Missions on August 26,2019. This was a special honour bestowed upon External Affairs Minister by the Hungarian side.  The External Affairs Minister also inaugurated a photo exhibition commemorating the 70th anniversary of diplomatic relations at the Amrita Sher-Gil Cultural Centre at the Embassy of India on August 26. The photo exhibition between India and Hungary showcased several historical photographs. A reception was hosted by the Ambassador in honour of EAM.

Recent high-level visit from India
Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Minister of Jal Shakti visited Budapest on October 14-17, 2019 at the invitation of the Hungarian side. He participated in the Budapest Water Summit 2019 and delivered a keynote speech at the Inaugural Session of the Summit. He had meetings with Mr. János Áder, President of Hungary as well as with Ministers of Agriculture, Interior and Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Recent high-level visit from Hungary
Peter Szijjarto, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary, visited India on a three day visit on 14-17 January 2020 to attend Raisina Dialogue. He visited Mumbai on 14-15 January and called on Hon’ble Governor of Maharashtra and met with CEO’s of some leading Indian companies. In New Delhi, Mr. Szijjarto met Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on 15 January and participated in the 5th edition of Raisina Dialogue. On 16th January, Szijjarto and EAM held bilateral talks. He also met Minister of MSME, Mr Nitin Gadkari and Mr Piyush Goyal, Minister of Commerce and Industry and Railways.

Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements

  • Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion (2003)
  • MoU on IT Cooperation (2003)
  • Agreement on Defence Cooperation (2003)
  • Agreement on Exemption of Visa Requirement for holders of diplomatic and official passports (2003)
  • Agreement on cooperation in the field of Health & Medicine (2008)
  • Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Agriculture and allied sectors (2008)
  • Letter of Intent on Strategic Research Fund between India and Hungary (2008)
  • MoU between Oil and Natural Gas Corp. Ltd. and MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas Plc. for Cooperation in Hydrocarbon Sector (2008)
  • Agreement on Social Security between India and Hungary (2010)
  • Agreement between Semmelweis University Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (TF), Hungary and Sport Authority of India (2011)
  • MoU on Traditional Systems of Medicine (2013)
  • MoU on Cooperation in the field of Sports (2013)
  • Letter of Intent for Indo-Hungarian Strategic Research Fund (enhanced contribution of Euro 2 million each for 2014-17.
  • Education Exchange Programme signed in Budapest on 19 November 2014.
  • MOU on Cooperation in the field of Water Management – October 2016
  • MOU between the Indian Council of World Affairs and Institute of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary – October 2016.
  • MOU between Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences and the University of Debrecen for establishment of European Institute of Ayurvedic Sciences, in October 2017.
  • MOU between Eotvos Lorand University(ELTE) of Hungary and Indian Council for Cultural Relations(ICCR, New Delhi for establishment of Hindi Chair at ELTE university in September 2018.
  • MoU on Cultural Exchange program for the period 2019-22 between India and Hungary on 26th August 2019.

Bilateral visits
Over the years, several high-level visits have taken place:
India to Hungary

President Zakir Hussain
President V. V. Giri
PM Indira Gandhi
President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Speaker B.R.Jakhar
PM Rajiv Gandhi
Speaker Rabi Ray
President S.D.Sharma
Speaker S.Patil
Smt. Sushma Swaraj, Minister for Parliamentary Affairs and Health and Family Welfare
June 2003
Mr Natwar Singh, External Affairs Minister
June 2005
Smt Ambika Soni Minister of Tourism & Culture
October 2006
Mrs. Panabaaka Lakshmi, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare.
September 2007
Shri Anand Sharma, Minister of Commerce and Industry
February 2010
Smt. Meira Kumar, Speaker of Lok Sabha
June 2010
Smt. Preneet Kaur, Minister of State for External Affairs
November 2010
Shri Ashwani Kumar, Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs
May 2011
Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh, Minister for Science and Technology
November 2011
Shri Sachin Pilot, Minister of State for Communications and IT Technology
October 2012
Shri Salman Khurshid, Minister of External Affairs
July 2013
Shri Harish Rawat, Minister of Water Resources
October 2013
Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation
June 2016
Shri Hamid Ansari, Vice-President
October 2016
Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, External Affairs Minister  
August 2019
Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Minister of Jal Shakti
October 2019

Hungary to India

PM Ferenc Munnich
PM Gyula Kallai
President Pál Losonczi
1969 & 1976
PM Jeno Fock
Speaker Istvan Sarlos
President Dr. Arpad Goncz
Speaker Zoltan Gal
Speaker Janos Ader
PM Peter Medgyessy
Dr. Kinga Goncz, Foreign Minister
November 2006
Dr. Janos Veres, Finance Minister
January 2007
Mr. Istvan Hiller, Minister of Cultural Heritage
October 2007
PM Ferenc Gyurcsány
January 2008
Dr. Ildikó Kovács, National Office for Research and Technology
January 2010
Mr. Peter Balazs, Minister of Foreign Affairs
January 2010
Mr. László Parragh, President of Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
March 2010
Dr. Zsolt Semjén, Deputy Prime Minister, Deputy Speaker of Parliament
May 2012
Dr. János Latorcay, Deputy Speaker of Parliament
May 2012
Mr. László Kövér, Speaker of Parliament
November 2012
Mr. Péter Szijjartó, State Secretary for External Economic Relations
August 2013
Mr. Viktor Orban, Prime Minister
October 2013
Mr. János Martonyi, Minister of Foreign Affairs
November 2013
Dr. Csaba Balogh, Deputy State Secretary for Eastern Opening, MFAT
January 2015
Mr. Péter Szijjártó, Minister of Foreign Affairs
May 2015
Dr. Laszlo Szabo, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Trade
October 2015
Mr. Istvan Ijgyarto, MOS for Cultural and Science Diplomacy, MFAT
May 2016
Mr. Péter Szijjártó, Minister of Foreign Affairs
July 2016
Dr. Pana Petra, Deputy State Secretary for Foreign Trade, MFAT
December 2016
Dr. Csaba Balogh, Minister of State for Public Policy, MFAT
October 2017
Mr. Istvan Mikola, Minister of State for Security Policy and International Cooperation, MFAT
November 2017
Mr Peter Sztaray, MoS for Security Policy for Raisina Dialogue
January 2019
Mr. Istvan Joo, Deputy State Secretary for Export Development
November 2019
Mr. Peter Szijjártó Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
January 2020
Mr Peter Sztaray, MoS for Security Policy for Raisina Dialogue
April 2022
Mr. Peter Szijjartó, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
May 2022

Bilateral Commercial & Economic Cooperation
Economic cooperation between India and Hungary has a long history. Cooperation in this field was institutionalized in 1949 with the signing of a rupee trade agreement, which operated through the negotiation of annual protocols which fixed the products to be traded and the amounts thereof, with the trade being canalized through government agencies. The major items of export from India before 1990 were tea, tobacco, pepper and other spices, de-oiled cakes, finished leather and shoe uppers, iron ore and pellets, cotton and jute goods, engineering goods, Maruti vehicles, chemicals and chemical products. Imports from Hungary included steel and steel products, chemicals, machine tools, pulses, peas, newsprint and engineering goods, especially for railways and power projects. Over 25 collaborations had also been established in India by Hungarian companies. Trade has surpassed the levels of 1980s and now stands at around USD 750 mn, with balance of trade in India’s favour.

Bilateral Trade

Indian Exports
Indian imports
Total Trade
(in USD Million)
(in USD Million)
(in USD Million)

Major Hungarian Exports to India: Machinery and mechanical appliances and parts, electrical machinery and equipment, television image and sound recorders and parts, organic chemicals, optical photographic, cinematographic measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and accessories, vehicles and parts, pharmaceutical products, plastics, articles of paper, iron and steel, plastics.
Major Indian Exports to Hungary: Machinery and mechanical appliances and parts, organic chemicals, pharmaceutical products, electrical machinery and equipment, television image and sound recorders and parts, vehicles and parts, footwear, rubber articles, iron and steel, plastics.
Joint Committee on Economic Cooperation: The Indo-Hungary Joint Committee on Economic cooperation provides the institutional framework for intergovernmental discussions on economic cooperation. The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion is our nodal agency. The Fifth Session of the JCEC was held on March 6-7, 2018 in New Delhi.Both Sides agreed that the full potential of co-operation in several areas has remained untapped and shared the view that both the government and private sectors in their respective countries should take further steps in order to promote trade and investment as well as to strengthen business relations. Efforts are underway to hold the next round of JCEC.
Joint Business Council (JBC): A Joint Business Council of Indian and Hungarian companies was set up in 1979 under an agreement between FICCI and Hungarian Chamber of Commerce to promote direct contacts between business delegations. A meeting of the Joint Business Council was held on the sidelines of JCEC meeting in Budapest, Hungary, on June 2, 2016. FICCI brought an 18-member Indian business delegation for the Joint Business Forum. Over 100 B-2-B meetings were held between the Indian companies and the Hungarian companies which participated in Joint Business Forum.
Cooperation in Science and Technology: Cooperation in S&T is a key focus area in India-Hungary relations. Currently, the bilateral cooperation is being executed through two agreements - between Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and the HAS and between Department of S&T and NIH, Ministry for National Economy. The 11th India-Hungary Joint S&T Committee Meeting [Online] was held on 29 July 2020, hosted by NRDI Office, Hungary. Seven joint projects were identified in the fields of Energy, Environment, Water, Biotech, Agriculture Food, with other four potential project have been also discussed.
Indian Investments in Hungary: India was the largest greenfield investor in Hungary in 2014 and third largest in 2015. The major Indian presence in Hungary includes Apollo Tyres, SMR Automotive, Sun Pharmaceuticals, Orion Electronics Ltd., Sona BLW, Cosmos and major IT companies TCS, WIPRO, Cognizant and Tech Mahendra. Apollo Tyres set up a greenfield tyre production factory in Hungary with an investment of Euro 475 million. As of 2020 total investment value reached EUR 700 million, with the company employing over 800 workers. PM Viktor Orban and Apollo Chairman Onkar Kanwar laid the foundation stone of the factory on 10 April 2015. In May 2018 Samvardhana Motherson Group (SMG) inaugurated a HUF 5 billion (€ 15.3 million) expansion at its base in Túrkeve (SE Hungary). SMGʼs moulded plastics division, Motherson Automotive Technologies & Engineering (MATE) will build a 12,000 square-meter plant creating 100 jobs. Gurgaon-based multinational group SRF limited announced in June 2018 the setting up of a packaging plant in the city of Jaszfenyszaru (approx. 70 kms from Budapest). The company is investing Euro 60 million and will employ 100 workers. On 21st November 2018, a greenfield investment of Euro 71.50 million by Flex Films Europa, a subsidiary of Uflex India Ltd was announced. The company will set upa flexible packaging materials production plant in Rétság. Indian companies in Hungary provide employment to over 10,000 people. There are a small number of first-generation Indians who have also set up businesses.

From Hungary, there is only one significant investment. Richter Gedeon, the Hungarian Pharma major has invested USD 20 million in 51:49 joint venture with an Indian firm Themis Medicare Ltd., for production of intermediates, the entire production is exported to Richter Gedeon, Hungary. Efforts are being made to augment Hungarian investments into India. A small number of Hungarian Water and IT companies seek to establish their businesses in India.

Cultural Links
Indian Cultural Centre in Budapest was formally opened in November 2010 and was renamed Amrita Sher-Gil Cultural Centre on 15 August, 2014. The Centre has been organising regular cultural activities since 2010. In addition, Yoga, Dance, Music and Hindi classes, screening of Indian films are also being held regularly. A bi-monthly ‘Amrit‘ magazine is brought out by the Centre. The Embassy has also organised Indian cultural days in several major cities in Hungary. Bhartiya Samaj has been constituted in 2010 to cater to the cultural needs of the community. The International Day of Yoga was first celebrated in Budapest on 21st June 2015 showcasing yoga, Indian cultural performances, henna painting, and Indian cuisines, handicrafts. The Ganga-Danube Cultural Festival was launched in June 2016, featuring cultural troupes of a diverse variety of dance performers and artists from India. The 5th International Day of Yoga was organized in June 2019 in 17 cities of Hungary. Embassy celebrated the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on October 2, 2018 in the Hungarian Parliament's prestigious Szell Kalman Hall. The Speaker of Hungarian National Assembly, and Members of the Hungarian Parliament participated in the event. On 21 February, 2019, in collaboration with the Embassy, the Magyar Posta issued a commemorative miniature sheet of four stamps on the occasion of the celebration of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in forty thousand copies. The 4th Indian Film Festival was organized from 4-10 October, 2018 in Puskin cinema, Budapest and the 5th Indian Film Festival was organised in October 7-13, 2019 with participation of noted film personalities.

Indian Community
There are about 5500 Indians living in Hungary. There are around 1000 Indian students studying in various universities in Hungary. Some ICT professionals and others employed in the manufacturing sector of Indo-Hungarian joint ventures are also present.

June  2022